Medellin is the capital of Antioquia department in Colombia and enjoys a temperate climate that gives the city the names of The Land of Eternal Spring and Capital of The Flowers. Medellin sits in the Aburra (pronounced ah burr ah') valley surrounded by gently sloping green mountains at an elevation of 1,500 meters (4921 feet) and is bisected by the Medellín River, which flows northward. With an area of 382 km˛ (237 square miles), it has 16 districts, 5 corregimientos townships, and 271 Neighborhood.

Medellin features a tropical monsoon climate, albeit a noticeably cooler version of this climate. As Medellín is located at 1,500 m above sea level, its climate is not as hot as other cities located at the same latitude near the equator. Because of this altitude above sea level and privileged location in the Andes Range, Medellín's weather at times is more characteristic of a humid subtropical climate than that of a tropical climate. The city's average annual temperature is 22 °C (72 °F), and because of its proximity to the equator, its temperature is constant year round, with minimal temperature variations. Temperatures range from 15 °C (52 °F) to 30 °C (86 °F). Because of the pleasant springlike climate all year, Medellín is known as 'La Ciudad de la Eterna Primavera' or 'City of the Eternal Spring'. However, as the city is located in a valley and many of its districts are on slopes, temperatures can be slightly cooler on the surrounding mountains.

Colombia is bordered on the northwest by Panama, on the east by Venezuela and Brazil, and on the southwest by Peru and Ecuador. Through the western half of the country, three Andean ranges run north and south. The eastern half is a low, jungle covered plain, drained by spurs of the Amazon and Orinoco Rivers, inhabited mostly by isolated tropical forest Indian tribes. The fertile plateau and valley of the eastern range are the most densely populated parts of the country.

Getting around Medellin in the valley by car, foot, bicycle or motor bike is relatively easy but remember, you are at almost 1 mile high in altitude. Don't worry though. A little aspirin and a couple of days of being here will help you get over any altitude sickness you may suffer. Getting around in the hills and mountains may prove to be a little more challenging other than by car or taxi.

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